Examples Of Spyware And What They Are

Spyware is a general term used to describe software that performs certain behaviors such as advertising, collecting personal information, or changing the configuration of your computer, generally without appropriately obtaining your consent first.

Spyware is often associated with software that displays advertisements (called adware) or software that tracks personal or sensitive information.

That does not mean all software that provides ads or tracks your online activities is bad. For example, you might sign up for a free music service, but you “pay” for the service by agreeing to receive targeted ads. If you understand the terms and agree to them, you may have decided that it is a fair tradeoff. You might also agree to let the company track your online activities to determine which ads to show you.

Other kinds of Spyware make changes to your computer that can be annoying and can cause your computer slow down or crash.

These programs can change your Web browsers home page or search page, or add additional components to your browser you don’t need or want. These programs also make it very difficult for you to change your settings back to the way you originally had them.

The key in all cases is whether or not you (or someone who uses your computer) understand what the software will do and have agreed to install the software on your computer.

There are a number of ways Spyware or other unwanted software can get on your computer. A common trick is to covertly install the software during the installation of other software you want such as a music or video file sharing program.

Any software that covertly gathers user information through the user’s Internet connection without his or her knowledge, usually for advertising purposes. Spyware applications are typically bundled as a hidden component of freeware or shareware programs that can be downloaded from the Internet; however, it should be noted that the majority of shareware and freeware applications do not come with SpyWare. Once installed, the Spyware monitors user activity on the Internet and transmits that information in the background to someone else. Spyware can also gather information about e-mail addresses and even passwords and credit card numbers

Aside from the questions of ethics and privacy, SpyWare steals from the user by using the computer’s memory resources and also by eating bandwidth as it sends information back to the spy ware’s home base via the user’s Internet connection. Because SpyWare is using memory and system resources, the applications running in the background can lead to system crashes or general system instability.

Because SpyWare exists as independent executable programs, they have the ability to monitor keystrokes, scan files on the hard drive, snoop other applications, such as chat programs or word processors, install other SpyWare programs, read cookies, change the default home page on the Web browser, consistently relaying this information back to the SpyWare author who will either use it for advertising/marketing purposes or sell the information to another party.

Licensing agreements that accompany software downloads sometimes warn the user that a SpyWare program will be installed along with the requested software, but the licensing agreements may not always be read completely because the notice of a SpyWare installation is often couched in obtuse, hard-to-read legal disclaimers.

Examples of SpyWare

These common SpyWare programs illustrate the diversity of behaviors found in these attacks. Note that as with computer viruses, researchers give names to SpyWare programs which may not be used by their creators. Programs may be grouped into “families” based not on shared program code, but on common behaviors, or by “following the money” of apparent financial or business connections. For instance, a number of the SpyWare programs distributed by Claria are collectively known as “Gator”. Likewise, programs which are frequently installed together may be described as parts of the same SpyWare package, even if they function separately.

o CoolWebSearch, a group of programs, takes advantage of Internet Explorer vulnerabilities. The package directs traffic to advertisements on Web sites including coolwebsearch.com. It displays pop-up ads, rewrites search engine results, and alters the infected computer’s hosts file to direct DNS lookups to these sites.

o Internet Optimizer, also known as DyFuCa, redirects Internet Explorer error pages to advertising. When users follow a broken link or enter an erroneous URL, they see a page of advertisements. However, because password-protected Web sites (HTTP Basic authentication) use the same mechanism as HTTP errors, Internet Optimizer makes it impossible for the user to access password-protected sites.

o Zango (formerly 180 Solutions) transmits detailed information to advertisers about the Web sites which users visit. It also alters HTTP requests for affiliate advertisements linked from a Web site, so that the advertisements make unearned profit for the 180 Solutions Company. It opens pop-up ads that cover over the Web sites of competing companies.

o HuntBar, aka WinTools or Adware,WebSearch was installed by an ActiveX drive-by download at affiliate Web sites, or by advertisements displayed by other SpyWare programs-an example of how SpyWare can install more SpyWare. These programs add toolbars to IE, track aggregate browsing behavior, redirect affiliate references, and display advertisements.

oZlob Trojan or just Zlob, Downloads itself to your computer via ActiveX codec and reports information back to Control Server. Some information can be as your search history, the Websites you visited, and even Key Strokes.

PSP Downloads

Having been a big fan of my own psp for quite some time I felt it would be a good idea for some of the newer PSP owners to be introduced to an awesome website that the rest of us know and love.

You see, I remember when I first got my psp. I was sooo excited. I couldn’t wait to explore its wonders. The wrapping never stood a chance. I just held it in my hands for what seemed like forever… it was love at first sight. The promise of endless psp videos, psp games and psp music had me drooling.

A few months passed by and I had completed the games I had bought and watched the videos I’d purchased and… my poor little psp started losing its sheen. It became close friends with the dust particles in my home and started looking very sorry for itself.

Seasons passed and new gadgets were bought. A new digital camera, a digital camcorder, an ipod (at last!) and my poor little psp sat quietly in my cupboard dreaming of its day in the sun.

Until one day, a friend of mine introduced me to a website that brought tears to my eyes. I couldn’t believe I hadn’t known about it. Why had nobody told me?

That day, my psp was restored to chief gadget as I filled it up with the latest psp videos, music and games. And when I got bored of those, I just downloaded more! It was a never ending treasure trove of up to the minute media delights.

Me and my psp have not looked back since. I only regret those days I hadn’t realised how amazing my little psp could be.

If you haven’t discovered this website yet… then dust off your psp and get ready for psp download heaven.

How Many Times Have You Had A Jewelry Dilemma

Which necklace style is appropriate with this outfit? Should I use a long necklace or a short necklace will be better suited? The following list describes the most common necklace lengths and how to use them.

Collar – 12-13 inches in length

Collars are usually made up of two or more strands and lie snugly on the middle of the neck. Collars are an ideal complement to elegant V-neck, boat neck or off the shoulder fashions.

Choker – 14-16 inches in length

A choker is despite the most classic and versatile of all the single strand lengths and is designed to lie around the base of the neck. It is appropriate with everything from casual to formal eveningwear, and completes any neckline imaginable. Is the perfect length to add subtle elegance to your workday paired with a button-down shirt, yet just as stylish with a cocktail dress. This is a good necklace length for a child. This way the necklace has "growth room".

Princess – 17-19 inches in length

The princess length necklace is best suited for crew and high necklines. It also fulfills low plunging necklines. This is an excellent choice if you are not certain which strand length is most appropriate and is the perfect necklace length for a pendant.

Matinee – 20-24 inches in length

The matinee necklace is the right choice for casual or business dressing. It looks best with high necklines and adds sophistication to a professional look. The matinee length is also very well suited for fancier wear such as long sundresses and formal gowns. The extra length of the matinee necklace gives the wearer a sense of luxury and confidence. It certainly may dress up an outfit.

Opera – 28-34 inches in length

The opera necklace offers many attractive options. Can be worn as a single strand, it is refined and perfect for high or crew necklines. Can be doubled upon itself and serves as a versatile two-strand choker. It can be knotted at the neckline or above the bust to create a stylish vintage look. Traditionally, opera length necklaces are worn with eveningwear, although can be used to accessorize more casual attires.

Rope or Lariat – Over 45 inches in length

The rope necklace is very elegant and dangerously sexy. It can be made with several clasps placed in strategic locations, enabling it to be broken down into different necklace and bracelet combinations, or doubled and even tripled to create a stunning multi-strand choker. This versatile length may also be tied in a knot for a charming modern look. Ropes can also be knotted and slung over the shoulder to accentuate the beauty of a backless dress. Lariats are at last 48 inches long, with the ends left unattached for knotting or wrapping around the neck.

Now that you know all about necklaces lengths make sure you include all of them in your wardrobe so you do not have to worry about not having the right one when you need it.

Technology in Education

Technology has moved at a fast pace over the last decade. Wouldn’t you agree? As a result, many technologies have replaced the need for human resources in some fields, and it has also impacted education drastically.

Before delving into the impacts of technology on education however, consider:

· How travel agents have been largely replaced by online reservation systems.

· In 1901, Charles Holland Duel stated that “Everything that can be invented has been invented”. This was over one century ago, where numerous inventions had yet to be patented and trademarked.

· The number one focus on this list of technological impacts, is how computers and the internet has affected lifestyles and education. Everything can be shared in an instant, and snail mail is no longer the main method of communication. In the past one had to wait a few days before receiving a message, unless a phone or fax were used.

In the 21st century, educational institutions have moved with the times by integrating technology into learning. After all, our educational systems are a critical part of societal norms.

Here are some of the key ways that technology has broadened teaching horizons:

Traditional colleges have adopted online methods of learning, which is otherwise known as online colleges. No longer do students have to relocate from thousands of miles away to get a quality education. All that’s needed is a computer and connection to the internet to plug into online learning.

This has opened up numerous doors for working adults who have previously been restricted by time and resources. The technology of online videos or recorded tutorials allows students to study on their own time, whether day or night.

A study by US News purports that nearly 6.1 million students were enrolled in online college course in 2011. This number is expected to grow as the stigma of online certification has somewhat been lifted due to its increasing popularity in the workplace.

Other ways that technology affects education include the student’s ability to research faster than ever, compared to pouring over books in the library. As an example, a study by the Pew Research Center suggests that digital technologies have helped students to become more self-sufficient researchers.

Educators too have integrated technology into learning, with the distribution of course material and online video, voice, or written tutorials for student references.

Finally, there has also been a dynamic shift in the communication between students and teachers via online, social and digital mediums.